The Best Way to Save Money and Fuel – Tuning Your Car Tires

Recreational Vehicle Trailer Tire Maintenance
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According to the experts of the tire industry, millions of Americans are running on tires with insufficient pressure. These motorists are not aware that their safety is at risk nor how the air pressure in tires affect fuel economy, maneuverability of the vehicle and tire life.

Many drivers never or rarely, check air pressure in their car tires, but this is a simple task that takes two to three minutes. Test your knowledge in this brief Questionnaire:

Q. How do inflated tires affect your fuel economy in your car and how much would it cost?
A. A badly inflated tire increases resistance to rolling so the engine of your vehicle work harder. According to the Department of Energy of the United States, if tire pressure is just two pounds below recommended, results in an increase of one percent in fuel consumption. When you multiply four tires by multiple pounds, easily increase gasoline consumption by ten percent or more. For many drivers, it could cost several hundred dollars per year in gasoline.

Q. Should I inflate my tires to the maximum air pressure marked on the sidewall of the tire?
A. No. You should inflate your tires according to the pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer and is in the door jamb or in the manual of your car. If there is a range, always use the highest level of pressure psi (psi is an abbreviation for pounds per square inch and expresses the inflation pressure).

Q. How much air pressure a tire can lose commonplace in a year?
A. According to Bridgestone / Firestone, the tires can lose one pound per square inch per month.

Q. How low tire pressure may cause harm to tire causing additional risks?
A. The bad side of a tire inflation is deflected over when the vehicle is in motion, generating heat. This heat will increase and could destroy the components of the tire.

Q. When is the best time to check my tire pressure?
A. It is best to check tire pressure when the tire is cold (usually in the morning when the car has been stopped.)

As a general rule, tires of today are made to last much longer and have higher performance compared to tires than last decade, this was told by Director of Marketing for Bridgestone / Firestone, Phil Packsi. But without proper maintenance, including regular testing of pressure, rotation and alignment, tires lose their effectiveness. The most important thing is knowing that this maintenance helps ensure that the tires offer a safer ride to drivers and passengers.

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Source by Daniel Rios

Commercial Dishwashers For Differing Applications

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Commercial dishwashers can be categorized into two very different application areas. Firstly, there is the catering and leisure market, where the emphasis is on wash quality, speed and high throughput capacity to cope with rush hour peaks. Then there is the care market, where the emphasis is on wash quality, hygiene and thermal disinfecting to minimize the risk of patient and staff or visitor cross-infection. In both situations, the customer will be looking for excellent wash quality, along with reliability and trouble free usage. If selecting a commercial dishwasher in the UK, it is advisable to choose an appliance which has been tested by the Water Research Council and carries the Water Regulation Advisory Scheme approval. All commercial dishwashers approved by this scheme can be used in healthcare premises which are classified Category 5 high risk, such as hospitals and care homes.

A heavy duty commercial dishwasher is an appropriate appliance for catering businesses such as cafés, pubs, clubs, bistros and restaurants. A typical machine can accommodate thirty plates, twenty-four cups, twenty saucers and cutlery, in a double tray with twin spray arms. Clean, fresh water is introduced into the machine during three cycles – pre-wash, main wash and final rinse. An excellent level of cleaning is achieved, as well as washing away any potential infectious materials.

For smaller promises, a semi-commercial dishwasher or glass washer may be more suitable, for example office kitchens and small care homes. Semi-commercial machines are highly economic to operate, freeing staff from the task of washing up, and consistently good quality results are produced.

High throughput commercial dishwashers are a necessity in large, busy restaurants and hotels, where many demands are placed on the staff and speed, cleanliness and functionality are paramount. In such establishments, there will be a varying size and composition of loads and only a heavy duty professional machine will be able to cope with this demand. Front loading tank system appliances may offer the best solution here. This type of machine is always ready for operation, due to the temperature of the wash water, which is held at a consistent 65 degrees. The final rinse is then transported out using fresh water at a variable temperature of a maximum of 85 degrees. Tank appliances can complete a full load in as little as sixty seconds, which equates to a maximum cleaning capacity of sixty baskets or more than one thousand plates per hour. Built-in water softener and dosing pumps may also feature and all machines come with a selection of tables, baskets and other accessories, meaning that they can be tailor to suit almost all locations and requirements.

If space is tight, then a compact commercial dishwasher can still fulfill your needs, as it is possible to buy one that has ample room for pots, pans and trays, with a running time of a mere ninety seconds per load. This equates to a potential cleaning capacity of forty baskets containing seven hundred and twenty plates an hour. Valuable space is saved, as the machine contains integral detergent dosing and water softener.

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Source by Tina Lowe

An Overview of Auto Shipping Services

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Getting a car from one state to another while relocating has never been easier as it is now. In the past, people used to sell their vehicles while moving to another location because there was no such thing like auto transportation. The advent of technology in transportation and logistics industry has made it easier to transport cars to any part of the world. Now people prefer to get their cars shipped while relocating because it is cost effective.

Vehicle shipping companies ship cars from one place to another with use of different auto carriers. Beside, auto movers offer various car delivery options that enable customers to ship car according to their preferences. Let us have a look at different aspects of car shipping:

Car shipping Options

Auto transportation companies offer both door-to-door and terminal-to-terminal car delivery options. Depending upon your availability, you can choose the one, which would best fit your requirements. For example, if you are not sure about your availability, you can opt for terminal-to-terminal shipping. In terminal-to-terminal car delivery, the car is kept in storage until you are available to receive it. However, you need to specify about approximate date or time of receiving it. if it lasts longer than the calculated time and date, the car shipper may charge you extra for taking extra care of car.

Car Shipping Carriers

Auto shipping modes are another great aspect of auto transportation. Some people chose open auto carriers while others avail enclosed auto carriers. It actually depends on type of car need to ship. People who need to transport classy or luxury cars consider enclosed auto transportation because such vehicles need extra protection during transportation. However, for normal ordinary vehicles, open transport carriers are best and cost effective.

Car Shipping Insurance

There is a group of people, which believes car transportation can be costly. To less the safety concerns of such people, auto transporters offer car shipping insurance. That means, if a vehicle is damaged during transportation, then auto shipping company will pay for the damages according to the terms and policies of policy.

GPS Tracking

Customers, who need to know how their car will be transported during vehicle shipping process, can chose vehicle tracking services. it will enable them to monitor their transportation process.

Beside, auto movers offer a number of other services such as minute-to-minute text updates, discounts on transporting car, etc. to ensure customers get most benefit of these services.

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Source by Christina A John

Identifying Mercruiser Parts

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Introduction:

Mercruiser is an advanced marine propulsion system and is available in recreational and commercial vehicles ranging from 1.5-liter displacement to 14.0-liter displacements. These are generally two stroke diesel engine vehicles and are termed as inboards or stern drives depending on the vehicle design.

Mercruiser parts:

This water vehicle contains the following major parts.

Mercruiser Engine:

These are the heart of any vehicle and are available in 4, 6 or 8 cylinders capacities, especially for stern drives. The engine rating and displacement or fuel system are also important for a specific purpose motorboat. These are the important Mercruiser parts and every engine contains a tag specifying details of the engine.

Carburetor:

Carburetor is attached to the fuel delivery system and filters and regulates the supply of fuel to the engine. The carburetor can be identified by its design (filtering and regulating fuel) or matching its design from the catalog or manual provided with the boat.

Exhaust Manual:

These Mercruiser parts are used for removing combustion gases from engine through exhaust manifold. These are attached to the exhaust system.

Water and Fuel Pumps:

Raw water pumps or circulating water pumps are used for cooling outboard engines by continuously circulating water. These pumps are supplied with full instructions and can be replaced easily. Fuel pumps are small nozzles through which fuel, which is generally diesel, is injected to the engine.

Marine Mufflers:

These are the silencers made from fiberglass and are designed for backpressure compensation and resistant from corrosion. These are in cylindrical shape from varying diameter of 1.5 "to 12" inlet and outlet. These are suitable for below waterline installation and can easily be replaced.

Fresh water System:

These are the complete pump and pipe system for circulating fresh water used for cooling 2 stroke outboard engines. These systems are available with complete instructions and can easily be replaced.

Oil Coolers:

These are the cylindrical coolers used for cooling oil and these are available in varying sizes from 5 "* 1" to 12 "* 1.25" and sometimes two cylinders attached together are provided as dual coolers.

Motor and Gear Lube:

Service manual provides the complete instruction to change engine and gear oil at particular interval and the oil should be changed as per the direction given in manual.

Some other important mercruiser parts include electrical system; power steering, couplers and stern drive parts.

Identifying the mercruiser parts:

A tag is attached to identify engine model, serial number of engine, transcom assembly serial number and drive serial number. Similar for inboard transmission, model and serial numbers are provided on a tag on the top or side of transmission. You should verify the tag details to the manual provided to you by the manufacturer and both the details should match.

Once you have located the correct model number with specified transmission details, you should see the parts details as figure of each part has been provided. You should identify the figure from catalog or manual provided to you or you should visit the web site of the manufacturer. Once the parts corresponding to the figure has been identified, you should note down the serial number provided in the catalog or web site. Once you are able to locate the exact part number and corresponding serial number, it is easy for you to purchase these parts directly from manufacturer or resellers.

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Source by Trish Dougherty

Top 5 Airline Companies

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There are several airline carriers that provide domestic and international flights. While some only service regional airports, others offer multiple routes and are known the world over. When it comes to selecting the top airline companies, there are a lot of factors to consider. This includes passenger satisfaction, along with the volume of timely arrivals and departures. Airlines are also judged and weighed according to the services they offer. In fact, industry ratings and passenger testimonials can literally break or make any domestic or global airline. While we all have different opinions, industry experts have selected the following companies as the top airlines in the world.

Delta Airlines

Delta is synonymous with first class services. As an industry leader in commercial aviation, Delta offers the most international flights out of the US With its hub in Atlanta, Delta also offers an intensive fleet of planes for optimal convenience. This includes the elegant and lavish 747, along with the MD 88 and 90. Delta has also been commended for its customer service and ease of booking flights. With a friendly and courteous staff, Delta guaranteed top notch services for all domestic and international passengers.

United / Continental Airlines

Both United and Continental Airlines have been around for years. When these global brands decided to merge, it was simply a marriage made in heaven. With its hubs in Chicago, Denver, and now San Francisco for Pacific routes, United remains a dominant force in the commercial airways industry. With both non-stop and connecting flights, United offers a myriad of routes and ticket specials on a daily basis. While their fleet is not as extensive as Delta, the recent merger with Continental is slated to propel United to the top of the ladder soon.

Southwest Airlines

No airline list is complete without Southwest Airlines in the mix. As the top rated airline company for low cost rates, Southwest is heralded for its convenience and practicality. While regional in nature, Southwest now flies direct to many national destinations.

American Airlines

American Airlines used to be major player back in the early days of commercial aviation. In fact, it had a long standing rivalry with Pan-Am airways and other defunct airlines. Today, American Airlines still has a loyal and faithful passenger base. Most of their customers, however, have been enticed by Delta and other major carriers over the years.

US Airways

Last but not least is US Airways. While ranking fifth on this list, its merger with America West has increased both its fleet and passenger base.

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Source by Jerry Stroder

Hand Dryers VS Paper Towels: Balancing Safety With the Environment

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In public restrooms often both paper towels and air dryers are available. Which do you choose? Which is the better choice?

Well, that depends on your perspective.

The Safer Choice

The most sanitary choice is to choose the towels, but it might not be for the reason you think. Urban myths have spread about bacteria that is blown out of the blowers, but there is no scientific evidence to support this theory according to Snopes.com. It’s actually the skin-on-skin friction that occurs when using hand dryers that makes it less sanitary. This process of rubbing the hands together actually releases germs living below the skin’s surface; something that does not occur with the friction that occurs when wiping hands with a paper towel. If the environmental impact eats away at you, keep a zip-lock baggie in your bag or purse and put your used paper towels in them to be placed in your compost at home. It doesn’t save on the number of paper towels used but it’s one less that will end up in a landfill.

The Environmentally Friendly Choice

The environmentally friendly choice, however, is the air dryer. Over 3000 tons of paper towels end up in landfills each year in the US alone according to http://www.greenandsave.com/, and even though paper towels can be made out of recycled paper and they can go in your compost, public restrooms generally do not compost their paper towel waste.

Hand dryers don’t get off Scott-free in terms of the environment though since they do require electricity to run, but don’t let that tempt you into forgoing drying your hands at all, or wiping them on your shirt. That’s the worst choice in terms of germs because wet hands act as magnets for germs and provides a breeding ground.

The Responsible Choice

So where does that leave you? The safest and most environmentally friendly choice is to use the air dryers but hold your hands under the air flow without rubbing them together, and to dry them completely. If you don’t dry your hands completely, you are doing little to protect yourself from picking up and spreading germs.

Easier said than done, some say. It’s hard to follow through when there is a line of people waiting for a dryer. Fortunately, super dryers, which are far more powerful and can dry wet hands in seconds, are becoming more common in restrooms all across North America. The environmental impact of the electricity used is still less than that for the production and distribution of paper towels ehow.com. But until they are placed in public restrooms everywhere, those in line behind you will just have to wait!

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Source by Sarah Hammond

Red Dye Diesel – A Red Diesel Fuel That Costs Less

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If you own a construction company or use farm equipment, you may be paying too much for your diesel fuel. Red dye diesel fuel has the same chemical composition as diesel #2, but red pigment has been added. Red diesel fuel costs less because it can be used for any diesel engine powered vehicle that does not drive on the roadways, and is therefore exempt from state road tax. In California, for example, red dyed diesel fuel is about.40 to.50 less per gallon than diesel #2 due to the absence of the state road tax. Here’s a closer look at the types of off-road vehicles that use red diesel and the businesses that could benefit most from switching to red dye diesel.

Construction companies rely upon diesel fuel to power their backhoes, cranes, bulldozers, Bobcats and even for their diesel generators. Moving large objects like loads of rebar, soil, and steel beams are no match for large pieces of equipment like these. However, with off road construction vehicles like these, the gas is burned in large amounts. According to the Nebraska Test Laboratory Web site, construction vehicles vary widely in their gallons used per hour depending upon the size of the vehicle.

With the smallest bulldozers using just under 4 Gal/hr and the largest devouring 18 Gal/hr, a day’s work can cost thousands of dollars in fuel costs! For just one large construction vehicle operating 9 hours per day at 18 Gal/hr (at $3.00 per gallon), the cost for diesel #2 would be $486.00 per day. If red dye diesel were used instead, the cost would only be $396.90 for the day at $2.45 per gallon! Savings: $89.10 per vehicle, per day. With multiple construction vehicles in operation, a construction company can save thousands of dollars every day in diesel fuel costs.

Farmers are another type of business that can financially benefit from using red dye diesel fuel. Farm equipment including tractors, bulldozers, harvesters, Bobcats, and diesel powered generators can all use red diesel instead of diesel #2. The Nebraska Test Laboratory states that a new John Deere 9230 tractor uses about 11.5 Gal/hr on average. For multiple tractors and farm equipment running their diesel engine from sun up to sun down, the savings can add up significantly each day! At $3.00 per gallon for diesel #2 versus $2.45 per gallon for red dyed diesel, a 10 hour workday can cost $63.25 less per vehicle!

Though some people use red dye fuel in their diesel engines on state roadways, it is illegal to do so. The California Highway Patrol has paper dipsticks to test for the presence of red dye in consumer vehicles and will fine the driver heavily if the stick comes out of the tank with the classic red hue. Off road farm equipment and construction vehicles can all use this less expensive fuel and business owners can begin saving money immediately. In this poor economy, saving money is more important than ever. Other businesses that can benefit from using this fuel instead are traveling shows that use diesel generators such as road shows, carnivals, and fairs. Start saving money today by switching to red dye diesel!

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Source by Kim Virrueta

Is There a Way to Clean Yellowed Nose Pads on Old Prescription Glasses?

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Your prescription glasses may look as beautiful as the day you got them, but if your nose pads have begun to yellow, or better yet build up green gunk underneath, they become unsightly when people get close to you. What can you do about this problem? Is there anything you can do to clean yellowed nose pads on your glasses?

Why Nose Pads Turn Yellow

Nose pads are made out of clear plastic. They are in constant contact with your skin, and underneath the plastic the skin often sweats. The sweat, over time, causes the nose pads to turn yellow. On average it takes about one year for the nose pads on your glasses to turn yellow, and you probably want your glasses to last longer than a year, particularly if you are paying a lot for designer eyeglass frames.

Additionally, the reaction between the acidity of the sweat and the metal of the frames can lead to a greenish buildup on the nose pads. This buildup also contains dirt and grime from your skin. It is unsightly, and also quite unsanitary if you stop to think about it.

Can It Be Cleaned?

The answer to whether or not nose pads can be cleaned is yes and no. You cannot do much for yellowed nose pads. Unfortunately, once the nose pad has turned yellow, it is permanent. However, the green gunk and grime under the nose pad can be cleaned.

One way to do this is to use a pre moistened alcohol pad. Shove the alcohol pad between the nose pad and the frame, and let some of the alcohol leak onto the nose pads. Then, rinse it off with water.

If this does not work, use a soft-bristled toothbrush, preferably a child-sized one, and scrub the nose pads. You can even remove them if you wish to get them really clean, but make sure you keep careful tabs on the screws if you do, because they are tiny.

Some people who wear eyeglasses claim that soaking them for an hour in soapy water and then rinsing them will remove the gunk that builds up under the nose pads. Again, this will not help with the yellowed plastic, but if you have buildup it is worth a try.

Consider the Alternative

If you have yellowed nose pads, you do have another alternative. Replacing the nose pads is actually quite affordable. You can pick up a nose pad repair kit at a drug store or your local optometrist, but make sure you have your glasses with you, as there are different kinds available and you will need the right ones.

To do the replacement, start by laying out your supplies on a light colored towel. This will keep the tiny pieces from sliding off of the table. Then, use a jeweler’s screwdriver to remove the old pads. Once they are off, use alcohol soaked pads to clean the frames near where they connect to the nose pads. You want all residue removed before you put the new pads on.

Once the glasses are clean, install the new pads using the jeweler’s screwdriver. Do so gently, as it is very easy to damage these delicate pieces. If you feel resistance when you try to screw in the new screw, take it out and start again.

When you are done, place some clear nail polish or white glue on the screw heads. This way they will not eventually slip out, but you can remove them with your screwdriver if you need to later. Do not use strong glues, as this will make it difficult to remove the nose pads when they also turn yellow. When you are done, you will have glasses that look as good as they did the day you bought them, and you will pay very little for the revamped look.

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Source by Amy Nutt

How to Fix Common Car Problems

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When your vehicle starts to do something unnatural, it can be scary and frustrating- especially if you have no experience in fixing cars. Sometimes, these car problems are something you should worry about- but sometimes, you can easily fix them.

Most car problems are fairly common which are experienced by many drivers every day. Fortunately, most of these troubles are nothing serious, and can serve as a warning to avoid more serious problems in the future. Here are a few car troubles that you might encounter and how you can fix them.

Squeaky Brakes: You might be driving on a highway when you start to notice a squeaking sound when you hit the brakes. This can be caused by the vibration of either of the following:

  • Pads and the rotors
  • Calipers and the mounts
  • Pads and the calipers

Squeaking breaks isn’t something you should ignore by simply drowning out the sound. You should bring your vehicle to a mechanic so that it can be repaired.

Check Engine Light: If this light comes on, it is usually a service reminder that your car’s computer has detected a problem with the emission system. This problem can be caused by various reasons; however it is not an immediate problem. If the light comes on, you can keep on driving. Just make sure that you bring your car in for servicing soon.

If the light is red instead of amber, the problem might be something serious. For instance, your car might be running with low engine oil or low oil pressure. If this happens, you should pull over and check the hood as well as the oil level. In addition, look for signs of overheating, such as steam from the radiator.

Air Conditioner Failure: It can be quite frustrating when your air conditioner fails you at a time when you need cool and refreshing air the most. If your car’s air condition fails, the most likely cause is the lack of refrigerant. If that’s not the cause, the problem might most likely be the compressor.

Vehicle Pulls to One Side: Once you notice that your vehicle starts to veer off in a certain direction when you get your hands off the steering wheel, or you are having a hard time keeping your car in a straight line, your car might not be properly aligned. This can be fixed by taking your car in for realignment.

Clicking Sound: You might hear a clicking sound as your roll and it is driving you nuts. Do not panic by thinking that it might be a major problem. You can pull your car over or find an empty parking space. Check the exposed tread of each tire. You should also get in your vehicle and roll it backward and forward until you expose every part of the tread. You might find a piece of gravel, small piece of rock, or something. Get it off your tire tread and your problem is solved.

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Source by Sara Schweiger

Get Your Rig Ready For Winter

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1. Check your rig’s oil grade

The typical big rig operates on 15W-40 oil, which is good in a wide range of temperatures but excels in moderate to hot climates. This oil is typically rated effective in temperatures up to 95 degrees Fahrenheit, but will cease being effective when the mercury drops below about 14 degree Fahrenheit. For truckers in more moderate winter climates typically those below the Mason-Dixon line, this will certainly suffice. But those who do most of their business in the mid-Atlantic states, New England, and the Upper Midwest will find that 15W-40 graded oil is simply insufficient for the types of frigid temperatures they’ll encounter. For this reason, it’s recommended that serious cold weather truckers switch out their 15W-40 graded oil for the much more resilient 10W-40 graded oil during the winter months. For most people, this will be necessary between November and March though it’s always best to judge based on your local area’s typical winters. 10W-40 oil can withstand temperatures up to -5 degrees Fahrenheit, a level that is rarely reached even in the coldest parts of the continental United States.

2. Get an engine heater

It’s no secret that starting up a rig during the winter months is a challenge unto itself. Most truckers opt to let their rig idle overnight in order to keep the engine warm and make the morning easier, but this no longer has to be the case. Instead, many truckers are restarting to engine warmers which actually surround the engine in a metal jacket and help to heat the coolant and the oil needed for a smooth start. In addition to making the cranking process easier, these engine warmers allow the engine itself to undergo far less stress on a cold day, and that only bodes well for longevity and reliability on the road.

3. Check your coolant

Using a hydrometer, measure the amount of coolant and water in your rig and ensure that the mix is just the right blend, or else you’ll encounter one of two problems: a cracked cylinder block (because water expands when it freezes), or antifreeze coolant that has simply frozen solid and prevents your rig from starting effectively. This tool costs about $100 and will help to ensure that your engine is running with a 50/50 coolant and water concentration, which is the ideal concentration to avoid dangerous freezes of either the coolant or its water concentration.

4. Get a diesel fuel additive

Here’s something most people don’t consider as a possibility: the weather may get so cold that the diesel fuel which powers your rig may gel and be unusable. And, if you typically drive north to south, from warmer climates in Florida to the colder reaches of Minnesota, you’ll find that the diesel fuel is even more prone to freezing and gelling. That’s because southern climates promote the use of a different kind of fuel which isn’t tested to such low temperatures. To prevent this complication, invest in a fuel additive that will keep the diesel fuel liquid and usable no matter the outside temperature.

Winterize Now, Get Peace of Mind Later

The key is to get all of these items in place before winter actually arrives and because it arrives at different times each year, it doesn’t hurt to be prepared early. These four steps will ensure that your rig can start up, stay running, and maximize driving time without dangerous freezing or gelling. And they’ll make it easier to crank and start up the rig on those cold January mornings that are legendary among long-distance truckers.

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Source by Jim McCormack