So, Your Starter Is Just Clicking

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Does you starter make a * click * sound when you try to start your vehicle?

Each time you turn the ignition switch to start, does the starter just * click * one time?

That is probably the starter solenoid.

If it goes, * click-click-click-click *, and so on, it may just be a low battery.

A low battery that makes the starter * click * a few times does not have enough * juice * in it to turn the starter over to turn the flywheel over to turn the crankshaft over to make the engine start … phew!

A simple way to tell if the battery is at fault is to turn the headlights on and turn the ignition switch to start.

If the lights go out, then the battery is probably at fault.

Course, you'll have to run real fast after you hit the start position in order to see if the lights go out … or have someone out there watching for you. 🙂

You can purchase a small inexpensive battery charger at most malls, or parts store.

The best way to use a * trickle * chargers is to charge the batter all night, or all day, wherever you pleases.

You can try charging the battery. If it runs down again, then you need to do something.

Remove the battery terminals from the battery post, if you have the * post * type, and clean the post and the inside of the cable clamp.

If you have the side mount just loosen the 8mm bolt and clean the terminal where it comes into contact with the battery. Clean the part on the battery, too. 🙂

Sometimes the battery will build up a lot of corrosion on the outside of the cable clamp.

When this happens, usually, the inside part of the clamp and post will create a hard metallic-like surface.

This stops the flow of electricity from the alternator to the battery.

When you use the battery's reserve, it's gone, no more being put in.

If the vehicle does crank, it will run off the alternator, which is not good. 🙁

If cleaning the post and recharging the battery does not solve the problem, you may need a new one.

Do not run to the nearest * convenience store * and buy a battery.

Take your battery to a place that sells batteries and have it checked.

If it is gone to where old dead batteries go, then you will have to purchase a new one.

You may have other problems … like the alternator; the tension on the alternator belt … several things could make the battery be low … did you leave the parking lights on when you parked, to go shopping? 🙂

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Source by Tommy Sessions

How To Replace a Fan Clutch – Kansas City Trailer Repair – By USTrailer.com

How To Replace a Fan Clutch

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Scotty Kilmer, mechanic for the last 46 years, shows how to replace a defective cooling fan clutch assembly. They do just bolt on and off, BUT there’s a few tricks to getting them off that Scotty shows which makes installation a breeze.

Things I used in this video:
1. Actron Scan Tool:
2. Fan Clutch Removal Kit:
3. Breaker Bar:
4. Pliers Set:
5. Ratchet and socket set:
6. Mechanic’s Tool Set:
7. Wrench Set:
8. Shop Towels:
9. Disposable Gloves:
10. Large Screwdriver:
11. Flashlight:
12. Common Sense
13. Full HD Camera:
14. My computer for editing / uploading:
15. Video editing software:
16. Thumbnail software:

🛠Check out my Garage to see what I use every day and highly recommend:

❗️Check out the Scotty store:

👉Follow me on Instagram for the latest news, funnies, and exclusive info / pics:

If you liked this video, consider subscribing and press the bell Icon to get updated on the latest videos every week.

And remember, every day (7 days a week), I upload a new video on the Scotty Kilmer Channel:

Also, if you like my car help, be sure to watch my live car talk show, every Thursday afternoon at 1 CST and Saturday morning at 10 AM CST on YouTube. I answer your car questions LIVE there. Just check it out at:
Scotty Kilmer is a participant in the Amazon Influencer Program.

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Ways to Heat Your Water

A Backyard Mechanic's Guide to Troubleshooting a Diesel Engine
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Water heating options

Where you live, as well as the life style you lead, the number of people in your household, and where you’ll put the water heating system, you’ll need to factor these realities in if you’re going to purchase a new hot water system, or getting a back up system.

Having this basic information at hand, will ensure you’ll get hot water every day of the year, when you want and however much you need – at the best cost possible. This will also help you decide, if you should stick to the traditional water heating system you’ve used or if you’ll step out of the box and try an alternate water heating system.

Here’s a short list of the different water heating systems, available today

Electric hot water tank

This system uses heating elements that are located at the topmost and bottom parts of your tank. Because they don’t need vents, you can install or put them wherever you feel is the best location. For example in Canada many R-2000 energy saving homes have this water heating system.

Induced draft gas hot water tanks

This heating system has a fan that’s found at the top of the tank itself. What the fan does is to induce movement of the combustion gases to go through a sealed plastic pipe and then out the sidewall of the house. You’ll find that a lot of these units use combustion and dilution air found inside the house. However, due to the combustion gas exhaust fan pressure; you won’t have to worry about the backdrafting combustion gas spillage. You’ll need to buy a condensing furnace that works well with this kind of heating system.

Natural draft gas hot water tanks

These are inexpensive units, which come with a naturally aspirating burner and draft hood, which is connected to a vertical chimney vent. However, this particular equipment more prone is more subject to combustion gas spillage compared to the other models mentioned, here, so you’ll need to make sure you have a furnace that works well with this equipment. Another factor you’ll need to think about is, if you live in an highly energy efficient home. These homes experience a higher degree of air tightness, so it’s not advisable to install a unit of this kind.

Direct vent gas hot water tanks

As stated a direct vent or sealed combustion water carries combustion air in from the outside, while venting the combustion gases out through a single concentric pipe. As there is no interconnection between the burner and house air, they are spillage resistant and work very well in the more closely sealed Homes.

Tankless water heater

You could purchase an instantaneous water heater or tankless water heater, which as its name indicates provides hot water, without the aid of storage tank. You can choose either a gas or electricity driven unit. In tankless water heaters, temperate water runs through a pipe into the unit, and then either a gas burner or an electric element heats the water.

Solar Units

Or you could try a solar powered heating water system. Solar heaters derive their power from the sun’s energy, and channel the heat to water.

You can purchase a reliable solar heater and use this as your main source for heating water. Or you can decide to use this unit as the back up system. If so, then select a solar heater, which allows you to be the back up for either electric or gas water heater.

Take your time to do research on this system – find out the differences between the different water heating systems – so you can save on money, your time and resource. Not only that but the right water heater for your home will mean a lot of difference on whether you’ll have hot water when you need it, in the amount, you want to use the water heater to produce.

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Source by John Thomson

How To Replace a Leaking Rear Wheel Cylinder in a Jeep Cherokee

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The rear drum brakes on Jeep Cherokees are generally reliable and long lasting. While swapping to disk brakes is a popular modification, the rear drums do a fine job of stopping when they work properly.

One common problem as the brakes age is that the wheel cylinder leaks. The wheel cylinder has two pistons that press out on the brake shoes when the pedal is depressed. The two pistons have rubber cups on them that will wear with age. Also, water can contaminate the fluid and cause the lining of the cylinder to rust.

There are several different wheel cylinders used so make sure you get the proper replacement before disassembling the Jeep. The cylinder for the 9″ brakes is different from the one for the 10″ brakes and the one used for antilock brakes is different from the one used for non antilock.

Begin by lifting the Jeep and supporting the rear axle. Remove the wheel and tire.

Using a 3/8″ line breaking wrench, loosen the brake line where it connects to the wheel cylinder. If the line is stuck, try tightening it a bit before loosening it. Heat can help if it is severely stuck. Use care not to damage the metal line. Use a pan or a rag to catch the brake fluid that drains out.

Remove the two 3/8 headed bolts that hold the cylinder to the backing plate. Remove the brake drum. Loosen the brake shoes slightly if necessary.

Using a brake spring tool, remove the two upper brake shoe springs. Pull the front shoe slightly forward and slip the wheel cylinder out around the axle flange. Clean up and fluid that had leaked into the brake drum.

Slip in the new wheel cylinder. Install the two retaining bolts. Reseat the front brake shoe. Replace the springs using the other end of the brake spring tool. Take care to ensure the cable for the automatic brake adjuster is routed correctly and has not fallen out of place while the tension was off.

Reconnect the brake line. Reinstall the brake drum and adjust the tension.

Add brake fluid to the master cylinder to replace what drained out. Bleed the brakes by having an assistant depress the brake pedal while you open and close the bleeder screw.

With the bleeder closed, have the assistant pump the pedal a few times and then hold it depressed. Open the screw and allow fluid to come out. Close the screw and have the assistant repeat the process. Repeat the process and have the assistant note the firmness of the brake pedal as you observe the amount of air in the expelled fluid.

Once the fluid runs clear with no air, tighten the bleeder screw and install the protective cap. Reinstall the wheel and tighten the lugs to the proper torque. Lower the Jeep and top off the master cylinder before driving.

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Source by Mike Strawbridge

Everything You Need to Know About Airbags

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An airbag is an air filled bag that automatically deploys upon the impact of your car with another object. This is considered a passive safety mechanism. Airbags serve to protect passengers from impacting with inner parts of the car that could lead to serious injury. Not only do they keep your head from slamming into the steering wheel, but side airbags protect your head from hitting the windows as well. They drastically reduce your chances of serious trauma to your head and brain during an accident.

In 1952, an industrial engineer by the name of John Wenrick was the first person to start developing the technology for safety devices like the airbag. He came up with a safety cushion for vehicles that he believed could greatly reduce injuries in an accident. Shortly after, Ford Motors began pursuing safety mechanisms that utilized Wenrick’s inflatable technology. A decade later, Mercedes began prototyping airbags to be used in their vehicles.

As accident rates rose, legislation was presented to require automotive manufacturers to equip their cars with an automatic protection mechanism for passengers. Engineer Allen Breed ended up designing a crash sensor to deploy airbags before the legislation passed.

It wasn’t until the late 1980’s the the US government finally passed a law dictating that any cars manufactured after that date would be required to come equipped with an airbag system. However, this law was limited to just general vehicles, and not until 1995 did the law change to require light trucks to offer the same safety features.

Out of the 230 million vehicles on the road, slightly less than 75% contain an automatic airbag system, which would bring the number of vehicles with proper safety restraints down to 163 million cars. Only about 20 million, or less than 10% of vehicles have integrated a passenger seat air bag system as well. The National Highway Traffic Safety commission estimates that airbags are responsible for saving almost 20 thousand lives so far. The use of a seat-belt along with the presence of airbags has reduced fatalities in head-on collisions by almost 25%. In the category of people who don’t use seat belts, having an airbag in an accident decreased fatalities by 32%

A second generation of airbags was later released and the biggest difference was that it used less force than the first generation. Cars with the newer version of airbags saw another 6% decrease in fatality rates during accidents. These statistics only apply to adult-sized passengers, however. With children under 10 years old, death rates actually increased by 34% with the presence of an airbag.

In the event of a traumatic head injury, seat belts on their own caused an injury decrease of 60% while seat belts paired with an airbag resulted in an 84% decrease. There have been about 200-300 deaths resulting from the use of airbags over the last 20 years. However, these were mostly caused by the more forceful first generation of airbags.

The demographic at highest risk for air bag injury is children under 10 years old. However, there have been reports of death and injury in adults as well. During an impact, air bags release with a great amount of force which can be more dangerous than having no airbags at all. You should avoid having your seat positioned too closely to the dashboard where the airbags are located, especially for children. It is much better to seat your children in the back of the car.

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Source by Zander Vanderhoff

Auto Windshields Are One Of Your Vehicles Most Important Safety Features

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We all want to be sure that we are driving in a safe vehicle. We consider our vehicle's most obvious safety features, such as seatbelts, airbags, tire pressure, and tire tread. We all strive to ensure that these items are kept up to standard, both to prevent accidents from occurring, as well as to protect us to the full extent in the event of an accident.

However, one of the most overlooked, yet one of the most important safety features of your car, truck, or van is the one that is literally right in front of your eyes. Your vehicle's windshield plays a vital role in the prevention of injury or death in the event of a collision and / or rollover. In fact, most automotive safety experts rank the windshield as the third most important safety component in your vehicle – directly behind seatbelts and airbags.

These safety features found in and on your vehicle, including the windshield, are all part of a safety network, commonly referred to as the vehicle's Safety Restraint System, or SRS. All the individual components of the Safety Restraint System are dependent on each other, so if there is a compromise in just one aspect of the SRS, it will likely lead to a complete failure of the rest of the system.

It is well known that seatbelts and airbags are dependent upon one another in order to provide full support in the event of an accident. Additionally, most of your vehicle's safety features are also dependent upon the windshield. For example, the windshield provides support for your vehicle's airbags (the passenger airbag in particular). Without this support, the airbag would be incapable of being fully deployed and any protection the airbag was meant to provide would be compromised.

Alternately, the windshield plays a major role in the structural integrity of your vehicles passenger compartment, especially in the event of a rollover. If the windshield is unstable, it may very well fail in the event of a rollover accident, causing the passenger compartment to fall in on itself, putting the vehicle's occupants at extreme risk of injury or death.

Another prime example of how your vehicle's windshield protects you during an accident is found in the way the windshield is manufactured. Every auto windshield is made of two sheets of glass, with a thin layer of polyvinyl butyrate in between. In the event of a collision, the glass may break; however, the thin layer of adhesive plastic in the middle will keep together. This serves a dual purpose. First, the adhesive will prevent the majority of the glass from shattering and causing cuts and scratches to the occupants.

Secondly, it allows the windshield to provide something of a cushion to the passengers, should they strike the windshield. The polyvinyl butyrate is a flexible, reducing the amount of force performed to the occupants upon impact with the windshield. This is why windshields are constructed from glass the way that they are, rather than being constructed from plastic. Plastic does not provide the same amount of flexibility and cushion during an accident.

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Source by Budda Oliver

Your Automobiles – Air Filter

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Your air filter of your vehicle – be it car, truck of sports utility vehicle is one of the most overworked yet under appreciated components of the daily functioning and maintenance schedules of most automobile owners and drivers. Your air filter works tireless under your hood both training the air to remove particulate matter so that your engine functions efficiently and effectively while giving you as a driver a good mixture of performance and fuel economy. On top of that the air filter or filters of your vehicle function to protect your engine from damaging particles and abrasive particulates which can well do your engine serious mechanical harm. Yet most automotive owners seldom give their air filter a moments' however notice nor time of day when it comes to maintenance and service schedules.

Yet few motorists give their air air cleaner a moments notice – that is until their "check engine" light comes on or gas mileage has fallen below par. Then again most people seldom check their vacuum cleaner dust bags as well for replacement when full of dust until the filters inside are chock full of sediment and debris.

Your automobiles' air filter element is usually changed whenever your engine is tuned up – or at least that is the time period for auto filter inspection, cleaning or replacement that most major auto and truck manufacturers and makers recommend as a maintenance schedule. On top of that most auto makers recommend changing this filter element more frequently if you operate your vehicle under dirty or dusty conditions. This is often referred to in the auto trades and auto maintenance trades as "Severe Service Schedules".

A dirty automotive engine air filter restricts to the engine and increases fuel consumption. The converse is that you get lower and poore gas mileage and your transportation budget – well at least the part devoted to gasoline or diesel fuels – goes up.

Essentially a clogged or somewhat dirty filter will restrict air flow into your engine. Consequently your engine will pull more fuel into it rather than gas. On top of that it is not only a case of more cost fuel use, and lower mpg miles per a gallon, drivers overall will get very poor engine performance and acceleration overall. It serves as the worst of both worlds if you do not avoid attention to detail in regards to inspection and service of your automobiles' air filter. Poor gas mileage, additional needless fuel costs and poor engine and driving performance.

Either way professional auto mechanics or dealership factory trained service writers advise that is a very good idea and practice to check your engines air filter at least every 3000 to 4000 miles (approximately 5,000 to 6,000 km for motorists and car owners in Canada & Mexico)

Some motorist though make it a practice – just like airplane mechanics change parts and components on a time planned schedule to replace their air filter on regular time schedule like clockwork. Regardless of your mechanical components service schedule preferences attending to your automated air filter on a regular and ongoing basis is both a wise and challenging practice for automobile owners.

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Source by William E. Simpson

The Impact of Marketing in the Society – Can We Really Make a Difference?

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Definitions

Marketing is generally thought of as the process of promoting goods and services to the end user. We can think of this as McDonald’s advertising its Big Mac in such a way that we feel that we really need one for lunch. This demonstrates the advertising piece of the marketing mix, and is the element that most people identify with marketing.

Society is generally defined as the condition in which members of a community live together for their mutual benefit. Societies are more than just the individual members that make up the group, but the sum of the collective. We are all members of a society, and interact with the other members in that community. So what is the impact of marketing in the society?

Negative Connotations of Marketing – They Made Me Do It

Ever since society passed from a Subsistence economy (I grow my own food, make my own clothes, and don’t need anyone else to help me) to a Trade economy (I’ll grow some food to sell to you, if you will make some clothes to sell to me) we have had the challenge of marketing our products and services to others (Uh-oh, now that there are two people making clothes in my town I’d better let people know why they should buy mine). And ever since that first sales pitch there have been criticisms of marketing; like deceptive practices, high prices, unsafe products, and high-pressure sales – to name a few.

But many critics go further and claim that marketing has created false wants, promoted materialism, produced cultural pollution, and allowed big companies to gain significant political power. And there is an element of truth to all of these claims. Companies that have not performed ethically have had a damaging effect in society that the ethical businesses must now work through.

And the Good?

But it is hard to deny the positives that marketing has brought upon society as well. The wealth of technology at our fingertips today is directly related to the sales of these items and the continued downward pricing caused by the promotion of computers, cell phones, GPS navigation systems, digital cameras, MP3 players, etc. Dozens and dozens of these types of products are commonplace today, but seemed like luxuries for the rich just a few years ago. In fact, most of the people below the poverty line in the US today live better than royalty did 200 years ago — with cars, heating and air conditioning, microwave ovens, cell phones, televisions, and other amenities now considered necessities.

More importantly, most medium to large companies now have significant charitable giving and service programs that donate large sums of money and time to needy organizations that make a difference in the lives of millions of people every year. Whether companies do this out of a pure heart or a need for positive publicity, the result is the same — and many of the neediest in society are better for it.

Doing the Right Thing

As the public grows more knowledgeable and educated, they hold businesses to a higher standard than was once the case. The abuses of workers that were common a century ago are not tolerated by society today. Now corporate ethics policies drive decisions in the boardroom and the marketing department so that the end user (that’s us) benefits in many ways. Doing the right thing is a good policy because people want to do business with someone they trust and respect. And the companies that are exposed as cheaters, liars, or abusers are generally shunned in the marketplace (Enron, anyone?).

The bottom line is that though there is a negative impact of marketing in the society, there is a positive to balance it out; and it is our job as society to reward the good guys with our purchases and punish the unethical companies by neglecting them in the marketplace. As we continue to do this over and over, we make Big Business aware that they will make money only if they honor their ethics policies and do the right thing on a consistent basis. In this way we can make a difference in the marketing tactics employed to sway our decisions. And that is a positive that we as a society can live with.

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Source by Keith Hartung